Staying informed is key to providing quality pet care in Utila. Whatever you can learn about conditions that may arise for pets staying here on the island, the better you will be able to care for your furry friend. If you do not find the answer to the pet care question you are looking for below, please come to the next clinic, and we will do our best to help.
This pet care section is updated periodically, so please check back with us for notices of known outbreaks or other potential threats to our pets on the island of Utila.
Pet First Aid
Pets are like children: there is always something that worries us. They eat garbage, roll in ants’ nests, get into fights… With a bit of common sense, there is a lot you can do to help your pet in distress. See the articles below for tips. Remember, if the first aid you try does not work, don’t wait, contact Dr. Loretta or another professional veterinarian immediately.
Milk replacer for the newborn kitties and puppies
If you find a newborn kitten or puppy, here is the recipe for milk formula for newborns that needs to be given every 2-3 hrs. It is also important to rub their rear end to stimulate them to defecate and urinate.
Kitten Milk Replacer
• 1 can Evaporated Milk
• 1 egg yolk
• 2 tablespoons Karo syrup
If a kitten has diarrhea, use this recipe:
• 3 oz. condensed milk
• 3 oz. water
• 4 oz. plain yogurt (NOT low-fat)
• 3 large or 4 small egg yolks
Puppy Milk Replacement
Whole goat’s milk, if available
or this recipe:
• 3 oz. sterilized water (baby water OR boiled water that is cooled).
• 1 raw egg yolk.
• 1 cup of plain yogurt (avoid skim or fat free if at all possible).
• 1/2 tsp Karo Syrup or Corn Syrup (NOT HONEY!)
8 oz of water
8 oz evaporated milk
1 beaten egg yolk
1 tablespoon corn syrup
Allergic Reactions in Pets
If your dog swells up at some area, breaks out in hives, or is scratching, this could have been caused by an insect bite or a bee sting. The treatment for this is Benadryl at 1 mg per pound every 12 hrs. This will stop the symptoms of the reaction and give your dog or cat relief. Benadryl is available at the local pharmacy.
This happens when the area is moist and/or warm and the bacteria overgrow in this area. The treatment is to clip away all the hair so air can get to it. Apply either Betadine or rubbing alcohol to this area every 6 hrs. This can be purchased at the farmacia or Bush’s market. If your dog is scratching at this area, give him Benadryl at 1 mg per pound every 12 hrs.
If your dog, cat, or other pet has ingested some garbage or something that did not agree with them, fast your pet for 24 hrs and at the same time, give Pepto Bismol at 1 teaspoon per 20 pounds of your dog’s weight every 8 hrs. After the fast, feed your dog only rice and boiled chicken for a day to allow his digestive tract to calm down and heal. There are times that this could be an intestinal obstruction, and if your dog does not improve within a day, contact the vet.
If your dog is a puppy, this diarrhea could be possibly be from a worm load. You may go to “Five Sisters” or “Rose’s Ferreteria” (Eric’s) and purchase a dewormer for your puppy’s weight, or come to the Utila Animal Rescue clinic for a dewormer.
If you think that your animal may have been poisoned, the first thing to do is to induce vomiting by giving 1 teaspoon of hydrogen peroxide per 5 pounds of the animal’s weight. Wait 5 minutes, and if there is no vomiting, do it again. Next, give your dog pieces of bread to soak up the poison and contact Dr. Loretta.
Bleeding from the Nose
This indicates that your dog has been exposed to a tick-borne disease called Erhlichia. It is treated by giving your dog Doxycyclina (antibiotic) at a dose of 5 mg per pound, every 12 hrs for 3 weeks. Doxycyclina can be purchased from Doris at the Farmacia.
Any form of injury should be immediately cleaned with hydrogen peroxide. If you do not have hydrogen peroxide, use clean water and hand soap. If there is bleeding, put a pressure bandage on the wound using a clean rag to stop the bleeding. If it appears that your dog may need sutures or you are just are not sure what to do, contact us at 3369-22986.
If your dog is shaking his head and there is a bad smell coming from their ear, this may be an ear infection. It is good to have us at the clinic examine your dog, but if this is not a clinic day, apply a few drops of Dr. John’s ear drops or Swimmer’s Ear that can be purchased at the Farmacia. Do this every eight hours, massage this down the ear, then take a rag and wipe out the excess. If this does not help, bring the dog to the clinic.
Any digestive disturbance, or if your dog gets into the garbage, can cause constipation. Your dog will keep trying to defecate with nothing coming out. Treatment for this is mineral oil. Give the animal 1 teaspoon per 10 pounds of your dog’s weight, it is given orally every 4 hrs. This will help things slide on through.
Urinary Tract Infection
If your dog or cat are trying to urinate, but only a few drops come out, possibly with blood in it, it is the sign of an urinary tract infection. This is common in cats and dogs. They will continue to strain and this is very painful. With cats, urinary tract infection can cause a urinary blockage, which is very serious and possibly life threatening. An animal urinary tract infection is treated with Amoxicillina at 10 mg per pound every 12 hrs for 7 days. This antibiotic can be purchased at the Farmacia. If your dog or cat does not respond to the treatment within a day, contact the clinic.
There are many other things that can happen to your dog or cat. If you do not see anything here that applies, contact us, and we will do our best to help.
Check out these sites for more information:
Many common pet diseases can be prevented with regular vaccination. Protect your best friends by vaccinating them from the common pet diseases.
A young puppy from a litter from Camponado was diagnosed with Distemper. This is a very serious and often fatal disease affecting young puppies, but also can spread to dogs of all ages. It is extremely contagious and any dog that has not been vaccinated, is at risk. Prevention of this disease is vaccination, which we provide at Utila Animal Rescue. I urge anyone living in this area, and anywhere else on the island, to have their dogs vaccinated against this very terrible disease. We offer this vaccination free to those that cannot afford it, and it could help save many lives by stopping the spread of this disease. – Dr. Loretta 8/17/2013
The first signs of canine distemper include sneezing, coughing and thick mucus coming from the eyes and nose… see article from the ASPCA here.
Useful Pet Care Information
|Google Doc Online||.PDF Download|
|Heartworm Disease in Dogs||Heartworm Disease in Dogs|
|Be Aware: Ticks are Everywhere||Be Aware: Ticks are Everywhere|
|101 Things You Didn’t Know Could Harm Your Pet||101 Things You Didn’t Know Could Harm Your Pet|